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Wednesday, July 06, 2005

Las 25 preguntas científicas para este siglo

No la tienen fácil los científicos del siglo XXI. Los logros de los últimos dos dejaron la vara alta.

El Science Magazine realizo una lista de los principales temas de investigación que vienen. La mayoría es biogenética... algo de lo que soy sumamente ignorante y supongo tendré que aprender. Destaco las dos últimas por sus implicaciones económicas:

  • What Can Replace Cheap Oil -- and When?
  • Will Malthus Continue to Be Wrong?

Tranquiliza que hay progreso. El motor híbrido (Toyota Prius) puede que nos de un tiempo mientras la tecnología fuel cell se hace económicamente viable. Y con respecto a Malthus: EEUU, Europa, Los tigres asiáticos y una gran parte de Latinoamérica ya lo vencieron. Africa es la gran incógnita.

125th Anniversary Issue:Science Online Special Feature:

THE QUESTIONS: The Top 25 Essays by our news staff on 25 big questions facing science over the next quarter-century.

  1. What Is the Universe Made Of?
  2. What is the Biological Basis of Consciousness?
  3. Why Do Humans Have So Few Genes?
  4. To What Extent Are Genetic Variation and Personal Health Linked?
  5. Can the Laws of Physics Be Unified?
  6. How Much Can Human Life Span Be Extended?
  7. What Controls Organ Regeneration?
  8. How Can a Skin Cell Become a Nerve Cell?
  9. How Does a Single Somatic Cell Become a Whole Plant?
  10. How Does Earth's Interior Work?
  11. Are We Alone in the Universe?
  12. How and Where Did Life on Earth Arise?
  13. What Determines Species Diversity?
  14. What Genetic Changes Made Us Uniquely Human?
  15. How Are Memories Stored and Retrieved?
  16. How Did Cooperative Behavior Evolve?
  17. How Will Big Pictures Emerge from a Sea of Biological Data?
  18. How Far Can We Push Chemical Self-Assembly?
  19. What Are the Limits of Conventional Computing?
  20. Can We Selectively Shut Off Immune Responses?
  21. Do Deeper Principles Underlie Quantum Uncertainty and Nonlocality?
  22. Is an Effective HIV Vaccine Feasible?
  23. How Hot Will the Greenhouse World Be?
  24. What Can Replace Cheap Oil -- and When?
  25. Will Malthus Continue to Be Wrong?

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